Difference between revisions of "Rotavirus"

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=='''''Rotavirus'''''==
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=Hosts=
 
 
 
 
===Hosts===
 
 
Animals and humans
 
Animals and humans
  
===Transmission/Exposure Routes===
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=Transmission/Exposure Routes=
 
Fecal-oral and usually person-to-person but sometimes via contaminated water, food, or shellfish.  Airborne respiratory transmission is possible.<ref name=Wikipedia>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotavirus</ref>
 
Fecal-oral and usually person-to-person but sometimes via contaminated water, food, or shellfish.  Airborne respiratory transmission is possible.<ref name=Wikipedia>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotavirus</ref>
  
===Incubation Times===
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=Incubation Times=
 
1-3 days<ref name=CDC>[http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/surv-manual/chpt13-rotavirus.pdf CDC]</ref>
 
1-3 days<ref name=CDC>[http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/surv-manual/chpt13-rotavirus.pdf CDC]</ref>
  
===Case Fatality Ratios===
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=Case Fatality Ratios=
 
Rotavirus was estimated to be the cause of 37 deaths annually when data were extrapolated to the US population <ref name=Fischer>Thea Kølsen Fischer, Ce´ cile Viboud, Umesh Parashar, Mark Malek, Claudia Steiner, Roger Glass,and Lone Simonsen. (2007) Hospitalizations and Deaths from Diarrhea and Rotavirus among Children <5 Years of Age in the United States, 1993–2003. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 195:1117–25 [http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/195/8/1117.full.pdf+html Full Text]</ref>
 
Rotavirus was estimated to be the cause of 37 deaths annually when data were extrapolated to the US population <ref name=Fischer>Thea Kølsen Fischer, Ce´ cile Viboud, Umesh Parashar, Mark Malek, Claudia Steiner, Roger Glass,and Lone Simonsen. (2007) Hospitalizations and Deaths from Diarrhea and Rotavirus among Children <5 Years of Age in the United States, 1993–2003. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 195:1117–25 [http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/195/8/1117.full.pdf+html Full Text]</ref>
  
===Burden of Disease===
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=Burden of Disease=
 
Rotavirus was estimated to be the cause of ~60,000 hospitalizations annually when data were extrapolated to the US population.<ref name=Fischer></ref>
 
Rotavirus was estimated to be the cause of ~60,000 hospitalizations annually when data were extrapolated to the US population.<ref name=Fischer></ref>
  
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====Immunity====
 
====Immunity====
  
===Microbiology===
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=Microbiology=
 
A genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the family Reoviridae
 
A genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the family Reoviridae
  
===Environmental Resistance===
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=Environmental Resistance=
 
Resistant to disinfection.
 
Resistant to disinfection.
  
===Recommended Dose Response Model===
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=Recommended Dose Response Model=
 
<br />[[has DR model::Dose response models for Rotavirus]] <br /> Beta-Poisson, α is 2.53E-01, N<sub>50</sub> is 6.17 <br /> [[File:Betapoisson_model.jpg|thumb|left|300px]]
 
<br />[[has DR model::Dose response models for Rotavirus]] <br /> Beta-Poisson, α is 2.53E-01, N<sub>50</sub> is 6.17 <br /> [[File:Betapoisson_model.jpg|thumb|left|300px]]
  
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<headertabs />
  
 
===References===
 
===References===

Revision as of 18:11, 5 August 2012

[edit]

Animals and humans

Fecal-oral and usually person-to-person but sometimes via contaminated water, food, or shellfish. Airborne respiratory transmission is possible.[1]

1-3 days[2]

Rotavirus was estimated to be the cause of 37 deaths annually when data were extrapolated to the US population [3]

Rotavirus was estimated to be the cause of ~60,000 hospitalizations annually when data were extrapolated to the US population.[3]

Duration of Infectiousness and disease

Symptomology

Symptoms of infected individuals include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Loss of appetite and dehydration are also common, and especially harmful to infants and young children.[2]

Latency

Asymptomatic Rates

Excretion Rates (see Exposure)

Immunity

A genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the family Reoviridae

Resistant to disinfection.

References

http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/index.html

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotavirus
  2. 2.0 2.1 CDC
  3. 3.0 3.1 Thea Kølsen Fischer, Ce´ cile Viboud, Umesh Parashar, Mark Malek, Claudia Steiner, Roger Glass,and Lone Simonsen. (2007) Hospitalizations and Deaths from Diarrhea and Rotavirus among Children <5 Years of Age in the United States, 1993–2003. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 195:1117–25 Full Text