Difference between revisions of "Enteroviruses"

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|Chinese (2008-2009)
 
|Chinese (2008-2009)
|(Zhang et al, 2011)
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|<ref name=Zhang>ZHANG Jing, SUN JunLing, CHANG ZhaoRui, ZHANG WeiDong, WANG ZiJun, and FENG ZiJian. (2011) Characterization of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in China between 2008 and 2009. Biomed Environ Sci, 24(3): 214‐221 [http://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/science?_ob=MiamiImageURL&_cid=277239&_user=1111158&_pii=S0895398811600421&_check=y&_origin=&_coverDate=30-Jun-2011&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlk-zSkWb&md5=c0d0f376dab5e00dce8a06a69518b769/1-s2.0-S0895398811600421-main.pdf Full Text]</ref>
 
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|5-7%
 
|5-7%
 
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|Pre-vaccine era
 
|Pre-vaccine era
|(Medscape)
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|<ref name=Medscape>http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/217146-overview#showall</ref>
 
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===Burden of Disease===
 
===Burden of Disease===
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease caused by enterovirus in China between 2008 and 2009 was studied and the incidence rate was 57.9% (Zhang et al, 2011)
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Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease caused by enterovirus in China between 2008 and 2009 was studied and the incidence rate was 57.9%<ref name=Zhang></ref>
  
 
====Duration of infectiousness and disease====
 
====Duration of infectiousness and disease====
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===Microbiology===
 
===Microbiology===
Member of the picornavirus family, a large and diverse group of small RNA viruses characterized by a single positive-strand genomic RNA, icosahedral nonenveloped viruses that are approximately 30 nm in diameter (wikipedia)
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Member of the picornavirus family, a large and diverse group of small RNA viruses characterized by a single positive-strand genomic RNA, icosahedral nonenveloped viruses that are approximately 30 nm in diameter<ref name=Wikipedia>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterovirus</ref>
  
 
===Environmental Survival===
 
===Environmental Survival===
Enteroviruses resist lipid solvents, ether, chloroform, and alcohol. They are inactivated at temperatures above 50°C but remain infectious at refrigerator temperature. (Medscape)
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Enteroviruses resist lipid solvents, ether, chloroform, and alcohol. They are inactivated at temperatures above 50°C but remain infectious at refrigerator temperature.<ref name=Medscape></ref>
  
 
===Recommended Dose Response Model===
 
===Recommended Dose Response Model===
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===References===
 
===References===
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterovirus <br />
 
 
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/enterovirus/non-polio_entero.htm <br />
 
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/enterovirus/non-polio_entero.htm <br />
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/217146-overview#showall <br />
 
ZHANG Jing, SUN JunLing, CHANG ZhaoRui, ZHANG WeiDong, WANG ZiJun, and FENG ZiJian. (2011) Characterization of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in China between 2008 and 2009. Biomed Environ Sci, 24(3): 214‐221 [http://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/science?_ob=MiamiImageURL&_cid=277239&_user=1111158&_pii=S0895398811600421&_check=y&_origin=&_coverDate=30-Jun-2011&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlk-zSkWb&md5=c0d0f376dab5e00dce8a06a69518b769/1-s2.0-S0895398811600421-main.pdf Full Text]
 
  
 +
<references />
 
[[Category:PSDS]][[Category:Virus]]
 
[[Category:PSDS]][[Category:Virus]]

Revision as of 20:12, 10 July 2012

Enterovirus

Hosts

Human and animal

Transmission/Exposure Routes

Fecal-oral, indirectly through contact with dirty hands or objects

Case Fatality Ratio

Case fatality ratios
Case Fatality Ratio Pathway/conditions Population References
0.03% Chinese (2008-2009) [1]
5-7% Pre-vaccine era [2]

Incubation Times

3-10 days (Medscape)

Burden of Disease

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease caused by enterovirus in China between 2008 and 2009 was studied and the incidence rate was 57.9%[1]

Duration of infectiousness and disease

Symptomology

Latency

Asymptomatic Rates

Excretion Rates (see Exposure)

Immunity

Microbiology

Member of the picornavirus family, a large and diverse group of small RNA viruses characterized by a single positive-strand genomic RNA, icosahedral nonenveloped viruses that are approximately 30 nm in diameter[3]

Environmental Survival

Enteroviruses resist lipid solvents, ether, chloroform, and alcohol. They are inactivated at temperatures above 50°C but remain infectious at refrigerator temperature.[2]

Recommended Dose Response Model

Dose response models for Enteroviruses
Exponential, k is 3.75E-03
Exponential model.png




References

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/enterovirus/non-polio_entero.htm

  1. 1.0 1.1 ZHANG Jing, SUN JunLing, CHANG ZhaoRui, ZHANG WeiDong, WANG ZiJun, and FENG ZiJian. (2011) Characterization of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in China between 2008 and 2009. Biomed Environ Sci, 24(3): 214‐221 Full Text
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/217146-overview#showall
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterovirus