Salmonella

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Humans and Animals

Transmitted by ingestion of bacteria in contaminated food or water. However, direct contact with animal and human carriers has also been implicated. [1]

Nontyphoidal Salmonella cause an estimated between 400 and 600 deaths in the United States annually (Linam and Gerber, 2007)

A few hours to one day [2]

Nontyphoidal Salmonella cause an estimated 1.4 million infections in the United States annually (Linam and Gerber, 2007)

Duration of infectiousness and disease

Several Days to Months [3]

Symptomology

Diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps are common indicators of Salmonella infection. However, as these symptoms are common to most enteric infections, laboratory tests of stool samples are necessary for proper diagnosis. [4]

Latency

Asymptomatic Rates

Excretion Rates (see Exposure)

Immunity

A genus of rod-shaped, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, predominantly motile enterobacteria with diameters around 0.7 to 1.5 µm, lengths from 2 to 5 µm, and flagella which grade in all directions [5]

References

  1. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/785774-overview#showall Medscape
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmonella Wikipedia
  3. http://health.utah.gov/epi/fact_sheets/salmon.html Utah Department of Health
  4. CDC http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/general/diagnosis.html
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmonella Wikipedia